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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Is Defecation Posture and Diet Associated with Functional Constipation in Indian Children?

Sakshi Gupta, Rohan Karkra, Rajiv Chhabra, Sakshi Karkra

Keywords : Bristol stool chart, Children, Diet, Functional constipation, Toilet

Citation Information : Gupta S, Karkra R, Chhabra R, Karkra S. Is Defecation Posture and Diet Associated with Functional Constipation in Indian Children?. Ann Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol 2023; 5 (1):1-4.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-11009-0121

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-04-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Background: Functional constipation accounts for over 95% of cases of constipation in children >1 years of age. This can have serious and chronic health consequences. Objective: To assess whether defecation posture and diet are associated with functional constipation in Indian children. Study design: Case-control, hospital-based. Participants: Children between the ages of 2–18 years presenting to outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary care hospital (Artemis Hospitals, Gurugram, Haryana, India) between 15th December 2020 and 15th February 2022. Results: A higher proportion of cases were using a Western toilet (71.3 vs 49.3%) and consuming a mixed diet (44 vs 27.3%) compared to controls. Conclusion: Sitting defecation posture (Western toilet) and mixed diets are associated with functional constipation in Indian children.

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